The dns.name.Name Class and Predefined Names

class dns.name.Name(*args, **kwargs)[source]
labels

A tuple of bytes in DNS wire format specifying the DNS labels in the name, in order from least-significant label (i.e. farthest from the origin) to most-significant label.

__init__(labels)

Initialize a name using labels, an iterable of bytes or str.

canonicalize()[source]

Return a name which is equal to the current name, but is in DNSSEC canonical form.

choose_relativity(origin=None, relativize=True)[source]

Return a name with the relativity desired by the caller.

If origin is None, then the name is returned. Otherwise, if relativize is True the name is relativized, and if relativize is False the name is derelativized.

Returns a dns.name.Name.

concatenate(other)[source]

Return a new name which is the concatenation of self and other.

Raises dns.name.AbsoluteConcatenation if the name is absolute and other is not the empty name.

Returns a dns.name.Name.

derelativize(origin)[source]

If the name is a relative name, return a new name which is the concatenation of the name and origin. Otherwise return the name.

For example, derelativizing www to origin dnspython.org. returns the name www.dnspython.org.. Derelativizing example. to origin dnspython.org. returns example..

Returns a dns.name.Name.

fullcompare(other)[source]

Compare two names, returning a 3-tuple (relation, order, nlabels).

relation describes the relation ship between the names, and is one of: dns.name.NAMERELN_NONE, dns.name.NAMERELN_SUPERDOMAIN, dns.name.NAMERELN_SUBDOMAIN, dns.name.NAMERELN_EQUAL, or dns.name.NAMERELN_COMMONANCESTOR.

order is < 0 if self < other, > 0 if self > other, and == 0 if self == other. A relative name is always less than an absolute name. If both names have the same relativity, then the DNSSEC order relation is used to order them.

nlabels is the number of significant labels that the two names have in common.

Here are some examples. Names ending in “.” are absolute names, those not ending in “.” are relative names.

self

other

relation

order

nlabels

www.example.

www.example.

equal

0

3

www.example.

example.

subdomain

> 0

2

example.

www.example.

superdomain

< 0

2

example1.com.

example2.com.

common anc.

< 0

2

example1

example2.

none

< 0

0

example1.

example2

none

> 0

0

is_absolute()[source]

Is the most significant label of this name the root label?

Returns a bool.

is_subdomain(other)[source]

Is self a subdomain of other?

Note that the notion of subdomain includes equality, e.g. “dnpython.org” is a subdomain of itself.

Returns a bool.

is_superdomain(other)[source]

Is self a superdomain of other?

Note that the notion of superdomain includes equality, e.g. “dnpython.org” is a superdomain of itself.

Returns a bool.

is_wild()[source]

Is this name wild? (I.e. Is the least significant label ‘*’?)

Returns a bool.

parent()[source]

Return the parent of the name.

For example, the parent of www.dnspython.org. is dnspython.org.

Raises dns.name.NoParent if the name is either the root name or the empty name, and thus has no parent.

Returns a dns.name.Name.

relativize(origin)[source]

If the name is a subdomain of origin, return a new name which is the name relative to origin. Otherwise return the name.

For example, relativizing www.dnspython.org. to origin dnspython.org. returns the name www. Relativizing example. to origin dnspython.org. returns example..

Returns a dns.name.Name.

split(depth)[source]

Split a name into a prefix and suffix names at the specified depth.

depth is an int specifying the number of labels in the suffix

Raises ValueError if depth was not >= 0 and <= the length of the name.

Returns the tuple (prefix, suffix).

to_digestable(origin=None)[source]

Convert name to a format suitable for digesting in hashes.

The name is canonicalized and converted to uncompressed wire format. All names in wire format are absolute. If the name is a relative name, then an origin must be supplied.

origin is a dns.name.Name or None. If the name is relative and origin is not None, then origin will be appended to the name.

Raises dns.name.NeedAbsoluteNameOrOrigin if the name is relative and no origin was provided.

Returns a bytes.

to_text(omit_final_dot=False)[source]

Convert name to DNS text format.

omit_final_dot is a bool. If True, don’t emit the final dot (denoting the root label) for absolute names. The default is False.

Returns a str.

to_unicode(omit_final_dot=False, idna_codec=None)[source]

Convert name to Unicode text format.

IDN ACE labels are converted to Unicode.

omit_final_dot is a bool. If True, don’t emit the final dot (denoting the root label) for absolute names. The default is False. idna_codec specifies the IDNA encoder/decoder. If None, the dns.name.IDNA_2003_Practical encoder/decoder is used. The IDNA_2003_Practical decoder does not impose any policy, it just decodes punycode, so if you don’t want checking for compliance, you can use this decoder for IDNA2008 as well.

Returns a str.

to_wire(file=None, compress=None, origin=None, canonicalize=False)[source]

Convert name to wire format, possibly compressing it.

file is the file where the name is emitted (typically an io.BytesIO file). If None (the default), a bytes containing the wire name will be returned.

compress, a dict, is the compression table to use. If None (the default), names will not be compressed. Note that the compression code assumes that compression offset 0 is the start of file, and thus compression will not be correct if this is not the case.

origin is a dns.name.Name or None. If the name is relative and origin is not None, then origin will be appended to it.

canonicalize, a bool, indicates whether the name should be canonicalized; that is, converted to a format suitable for digesting in hashes.

Raises dns.name.NeedAbsoluteNameOrOrigin if the name is relative and no origin was provided.

Returns a bytes or None.

dns.name.root

The root name, i.e. dns.name.Name([b'']).

dns.name.empty

The empty name, i.e. dns.name.Name([]).